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A farmer (also called an agriculturer) is a person engaged in agriculture, raising living organisms for food or raw materials. The term usually applies to people who do some combination of raising field crops, orchards, vineyards, poultry, or other livestock. A farmer might own the farmed land or might work as a labourer on land owned by others, but in advanced economies, a farmer is usually a farm owner, while employees of the farm are known as farm workers, or farmhands. However, in the not so distant past a farmer was a person who promotes or improves the growth of (a plant, crop, etc.) by labour and attention, land or crops or raises animals (as livestock or fish).

Why the condition of Indian Farmers is alarming?

The alarming condition of farmers in the State of Maharashtra can be linked to socio-economic aspects. Farmers fall into debts because have to face a scarce crops productivity (GM seeds, water management, etc.) which increase the risk of their profit and high cost of life (education, health, daughter marriage, etc.). This creates a vicious cycle and most of the time farmers suffer of mental distress. Often they might see the suicide as the only solution for their families.

It is estimated that more than a quarter of a million Indian farmers have committed suicide in the last 16 years—the largest wave of recorded suicides in human history. A great number of those affected are cash crop farmers, and cotton farmers in particular. In 2009 alone, the most recent year for which official figures are available, 17,638 farmers committed suicide—that’s one farmer every 30 minutes.
All this together and more is what ultimately leads to unpredictably higher numbers of farmer suicides and this obvious discontent and resentment regarding their very own life and the activities they have to hopelessly lead in order to put the most insignificant bit of food on their family’s table.

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